Whether your goal is to achieve pregnancy or avoid it, it’s helpful to understand that your body cycles through natural periods of fertility and infertility. In other words, there are times in your menstrual cycle when sex is likely to result in pregnancy, and other times when it is not.

Conception occurs when sperm and egg meet. Part of the female body called the ovarian follicle releases an egg partway through each menstrual cycle in a process called ovulation. The egg is swept into the fallopian tube and if sperm are present, fertilization may occur.

The egg is only viable for a few hours after ovulation, but sperm can survive inside your body for several days. That means that you can get pregnant if you have sex a few days before ovulation, but not after ovulation has already occurred.

If you could pinpoint the exact moment of ovulation, you might be able to know whether or not you could get pregnant at any given time. Unfortunately, there is a great deal of variation in menstrual cycles from woman to woman and from month to month. Cycles can range anywhere from 21 to 35 days long in adults and from 21 to 45 days in young teens. Since it’s nearly impossible to accurately pinpoint the moment of ovulation, the only 100% effective way to avoid pregnancy is to assume that you are fertile and abstain from sex.

If you would like a free pregnancy test to find out if you are pregnant, or if you want to talk tosomeone more about this, visit His Love Family Resources at 203 S. Morenci, Mio, MI, or check out our services online.

Source: WebMD “Fertility Awareness and Natural Family Planning” (https://www.webmd.com/infertility-and-reproduction/fertility-awareness#1)